AMR File formats and stylesμμμ The collection contains mostly bibliographies, supplemented by a few lists, notes and written text-files. The following rules relate to the internal structures of the files themselves.
See AMR: Filename Codes for the file-naming system. This file also includes a complete list of possible file-types and the designated descriptive text and file-names for proper listing and linking. See AMR: Filename Prefixes for a list of all AMR file families. See AMR: Home Page Template for the actual HTML design of home pages for topics and subjects. The template may be viewed as a text-file AMR: Home Page Template as a textfile to see the remarks.
Textfilesμμμ These should be c.80-column text-files with NO word-processor formatting, NO italics or underlines, NO extra returns, tabs, or indents, NO columns; i. e. the files should be "plain-vanilla" DOS-style-ASCII. Examples:
Leonard Bernstein - books (the header or top line) (blank line, i.e. a "return") author last name, first name. title. publication citation. (blank line, i.e. a "return") second bibliographical entry. (blank line) third entry, etc.
Rock music - articles (blank line) author last name, first name. "title." publication citation. pages. (blank line) second entry, etc.
If the bibliography contained in the file is somehow selective rather than being "comprehensive," a note to that effect should appear directly under the header, before the blank line and the first entry.
Citational Styleμμμ AMR acknowledges the existence and continuing development of several different systems of bibliographical citation and will publish from any format as long as a given file is internally consistent. AMR recommends the guidelines contained in the following:
The Chicago Manual of Style. 14th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.
Contributors should realize, however, that the AMR
bibliographies are intended for multiple and varied purposes. Such needs
transcend certain standard shortcuts as are sometimes found in education-based
term papers, "Reference Lists" and the like. Often, a single AMR entry
might be moved, duplicated, or downloaded by itself. Initializing a citation
by year, or with a horizontal line, is specially problematic since individually
it cannot then be identified or re-alphabetized properly. The following
rules should therefore be followed.
a. Each specific bibliographical entry will begin with the last name
of the (primary) author or editor and include all other authors, followed
by a period.
Here is an example from a hypothetical selected bibliography:
Boretz, Benjamin and Edward T. Cone. Perspectives on American Composers. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1971. Borroff, Edith. Music in Europe and the United States: A History. 2nd ed. New York: Ardsley House, 1990. An attempt to integrate conventional Music History with American Music. Carter, Elliott. "An American Destiny." Listen IX, November, 1946. 4-7.Notice that no double-spaces are employed; use a single space after colons, etc.
Please follow the general formatting principles articulated above and make all entries as complete as possible. The current trend of incomplete citations (e.g. "...NY, 1992.") omitting the name of the publishing house, is to be avoided. One important element incorporated in a growing number of AMR citations is a listing of all editions of a given book. This, in itself, can lead to further levels of information and scholarship. Certain entries (Borroff, above) may also be accompanied by a brief annotation appearing directly under the citation, before the blank line between entries.
g. The date the file was completed (or the date of the entire project) will appear at the bottom of the text-file. In general, collected files will be listed and annotated in the "note on files" and should be initialed or signed. All written documents should be signed if the author wishes to retain "ownership."
Non-bibliographical stylesμμμ Lists, chronologies, outlines, narrative text, and any other such files may be "free-form" as long as they conform to the general guidelines stated above. Lists of compositions should be alphabetized by title; the composer's name need not be listed for each entry.
Suggested "***bio" (biographical sketch) format:1. name: last, first, middle
2. any letters following the name
3. pseudonym, other names
4. birth/death years (1900-1991)
5. born: where, when (specific date), parents
6. married: to whom - years, children - dates
7. died: where, when
8. conservatory/university education: diplomas, degrees, dates
9. significant teachers: names, dates, places
10. awards, honors: names, dates
11. employment/profession: where, when
12. locations of papers, archives, special interest groups (fan clubs)
AMR is currently developing a system for housing individual citations of musical compositions as separate text files. The use of a cross-indexable composition register will gradually replace the current work lists.
HTML Problemsμμμ The use of HTML markup technique, which results in a title or passage of text being rendered in italics, presents a special problem. Browser programs are not yet intelligent enough to deal with the spacing problem created by the slanted text. Otherspacing problemsmay be created around tags. And, how do you render "Varese" properly? The previous few lines look like this in HTML code:
...to deal with the <I>spacing problem</I> created by the slanted text. Other<I>spacing problems</I>may also be encountered around tags. And, how do you render "Varese" properly?μμμ The text displayed by Web browsers is officially known as ASCII, a 7-bit subset of the typeface "Latin-1." So-called "extended ASCII" (with diacriticals and special signs) presents a set of problems addressed in HTML through the use of special "ampersand codes" to deal with the spacing problem created by the slanted text. Other spacing problems may also be fixed around tags. And, here's how you render "Varèse" properly.
...to deal with the <I>spacing problem</I> created by the slanted text. Other <I>spacing problems</I> may also be fixed around tags. And, here's how you render "Varèse" properly.